Kerala Tops SDG Index, Bihar Stays at the Bottom


The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog released the index of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) for the States and Union Territories of India. Kerala and The Union Territory of Chandigarh retained their top spot while Bihar continued to remain at the bottom and was ranked last in the list released by the Government on Thursday.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is the index released by NITI Aayog which evaluates how the Indian States and Union Territories have been performing on social, economic, and environmental parameters. India’s overall performance has increased by six points, suggesting slight progress.

The composite score of the 2019-20 index was 60 points which increased 66 points in the 2020-21 Index.


India had accepted the United Nations 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development Goals. A total of 17 Sustainable Development Goals and a further 169 targets were stated by The United Nations. India covered 13 goals and 39 targets in the first edition, 17 goals and 54 targets in the second edition, and 17 goals and 70 targets in the latest edition.

Kerala retained the top spots in the Indian States with a score of 75 points. Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh ranked second with 74 points with improvement from 67 and 69 points respectively. Goa, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh were fourth on the list with all the remaining states in the top 10.

Bihar ranked last with 52 points. Other worst performers in the list were Assam and Jharkhand with 57 and 56 points respectively.

Among the Union Territories, Chandigarh retained its top spot with a score of 79 points. Delhi was ranked second with 68 points, a gain of 7 points from the previous year’s score of 61 points. Daman & Diu and Pondicherry were ranked third and fourth respectively.

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